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November 2017 — November 2017

New Human Mobility Prediction Model Offers Scalability, Requires Less Data (Nov 27, 2017)
A new method to predict human mobility—which can be used to chart the potential spread of disease or determine rush hour bottlenecks—has been developed by a team of researchers, including one from Arizona State University.

Quantum Computing with Molecules for a Quicker Search of Unsorted Databases (Nov 27, 2017)
A universal quantum computer still is a vision. Special quantum systems that promise to solve certain tasks more quickly than a classical computer, however, are already playing an important role in science. To reliably find a certain element in unsorted data, a conventional computer has to run through all search elements successively in the most unfavorable case. A quantum system with an implemented Grover's search algorithm quadratically accelerates search.

For HPC and Deep Learning, GPUs Are Here to Stay (Nov 26, 2017)
There was an interesting story published earlier this week in which NVIDIA’s founder and CEO, Jensen Huang, said: ‘As advanced parallel-instruction architectures for CPU can be barely worked out by designers, GPUs will soon replace CPUs’. There are only so many processing cores you can fit on a single CPU chip. There are optimized applications that take advantage of a number of cores, but typically they are used for sequential serial processing (although Intel is doing an excellent job of ...
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The Symmetry of Putting Fluid Dynamics in the Cloud (Nov 26, 2017)
There has been a lot of talk about taking HPC technologies mainstream, taking them out of realm of research, education and government institutions and making them available to enterprises that are being challenged by the need to manage and process the huge amounts of data being generated through the use of such compute- and storage-intensive workloads such as analytics, artificial intelligence and machine learning.

First-Ever High School Team Squares Off Against Top Universities in Annual Supercomputing Challenge (Nov 25, 2017)
Most underdogs don’t take home the trophy. But that didn’t stop the Sudo Wrestlers from competing as the first all-high school team in the 11th annual Student Cluster Competition, held last week at the SC17 supercomputing show, in Denver. Dozens of undergraduate students in 16 teams from some the world’s most lauded universities joined the high schoolers, all armed with the latest NVIDIA Tesla V100 GPU accelerators. Their aim: to create small computing clusters for a non-stop, 48-hour chal...
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Japan Unveils Quantum Neural Network (Nov 25, 2017)
The U.S. and China are leading the race toward productive quantum computing, but it’s early enough that ultimate leadership is still something of an open question. The latest geo-region to throw its hat in the quantum computing ring is Japan. The nation will begin offering public access to a prototype quantum device over the internet for free starting Nov. 27 at

Why Computer Science Belongs in Every Science Teacher’s Classroom (Nov 22, 2017)
During the summer, I taught a computer science course for educators at the Krause Center for Innovation at Foothill College. Funded by Google’s CS4HS grant, this was a four-day intensive “crash course” for 60 teachers in the San Francisco Bay Area. Within that group were science teachers who decided to spend their summer break learning how to incorporate computer science into their classes. This would not only engage their students in science topics, but more importantly, it would bring ma...
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Virginia Becomes First to Mandate Computer Science Education (Nov 22, 2017)
Virginia has become the first state to adopt mandatory standards for computer-science education. The Richmond Times-Dispatch reports that the state Board of Education unanimously approved the new standards this week. Board member Anne Holton supported the standards but voiced concerns that the standards might be too ambitious, given that they must now be implemented across the board. While other states have advisory standards, Virginia is the first with mandatory standards. The board's vote foll...
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Government Urged to Act of Computer Science GCSEs (Nov 21, 2017)
More than half of England's secondary schools, 54%, did not offer GCSE computer science in 2015-16, a report from the Royal Society has found. It urged the government to increase spending on computer education tenfold over the next five years to ensure youngsters can "unlock the full potential of new technologies". The biggest issue was the lack of skilled teachers, the report found.

STEM for All – The Future of the U.S. Workforce (Nov 21, 2017)
Experts project the American workforce will need a million science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) graduates by 2022. To realize this vision of a diverse workforce, the Congressional Black Caucus held a briefing aimed at highlighting the importance and value of blue collar jobs.

The Hair-Raising Potential of Exascale Animation (Nov 20, 2017)
There is no questioning the power of a full head of shiny, buoyant hair. Not in real life, not in commercials, and, it turns out, not in computer-generated (CG) animation. Just as more expensive brands of shampoos provide volume, luster, and flow to a human head of hair, so too does more expensive computational power provide the waggle of a prince’s mane or raise the hackles of an evil yak.

Easing the Pain of Prepping Data for AI (Nov 20, 2017)
Organizations are turning to artificial intelligence and deep learning in hopes of being able to more quickly make the right business decisions, to remake their business models and become more efficient, and to improve the experience of their customers. The fast-emerging technologies will let enterprises gain more insight into the massive amounts of data they are generating and find the trends that normally would have been hidden from them. And enterprises are quickly moving in that direction.

A Third of the Internet is Under Attack (Nov 19, 2017)
For the first time, researchers have carried out a large-scale analysis of victims of internet denial-of-service (DoS) attacks worldwide. And what they found is, in a phrase from their study, “an eye-opening statistic”. Spanning two years, from March 2015 to February 2017, the researchers found that about one-third of the IPv4 address space was subject to some kind of DoS attacks, where a perpetrator maliciously disrupts services of a host connected to the internet. IPv4 is the fourth versio...
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Researchers Teach Computer to Recognize Emotions in Speech (Nov 19, 2017)
Experts of the Faculty of Informatics, Mathematics, and Computer Science at the Higher School of Economics have created an automatic system capable of identifying emotions in the sound of a voice. Their report was presented at a major international conference - Neuroinformatics-2017. For a long time, computers have successfully converted speech into text. However, the emotional component, which is important for conveying meaning, has been neglected.

Researchers Develop Data Bus for Quantum Computer (Nov 18, 2017)
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation, however, because quantum systems are very sensitive to environmental noise. Although systems can be protected from noise in principle, researchers have been able to build only small prototypes of quantum computers experimentally.

Early Introduction to Computer Science Will Prepare Students for More Careers (Nov 18, 2017)
At a summit in Tokyo on Friday, President Donald Trump’s daughter Ivanka Trump made a statement that minorities and women need to better represented in STEM careers. Unlike any of the rhetoric her father spews, her proclamation was based on truths, especially when it comes to computer science.

Fruit Fly Brains Inform Search Engines of the Future (Nov 17, 2017)
Every day, websites you visit and smartphone apps that you use are crunching huge sets of data to find things that resemble each other: products that are similar to your past purchases; songs that are similar to tunes you've liked; faces that are similar to people you've identified in photos. All these tasks are known as similarity searches, and the ability to perform these massive matching games well—and fast—has been an ongoing challenge for computer scientists.

Where the STEM Jobs Are (and Where They Aren’t) (Nov 17, 2017)
The national priority in education can be summed up in a four-letter acronym: STEM. And that’s understandable. A country’s proficiency in science, technology, engineering and mathematics is vital in generating economic growth, advancing scientific innovation and creating good jobs. The STEM campaign has been underway for years, championed by policymakers across the ideological spectrum, embraced in schools everywhere and by organizations ranging from the YWCA to the Boy Scouts.

Cosmos Code Helps Probe Space Oddities (Nov 16, 2017)
Black holes make for a great space mystery. They’re so massive that nothing, not even light, can escape a black hole once it gets close enough. A great mystery for scientists is that there’s evidence of powerful jets of electrons and protons that shoot out of the top and bottom of some black holes. Yet no one knows how these jets form.

How are Psychology and Computer Science Related? (Nov 16, 2017)
What is the relationship between psychology and computer science? There’s two ways to parse this question: "what’s the relationship between computer science and academic psychology?", and "what’s the relationship between computer science and psychology in the sense of “how people think?"

New Method Developed to 3-D Print Fully Functional Electronic Circuits (Nov 15, 2017)
Researchers at the University of Nottingham have pioneered a breakthrough method to rapidly 3D print fully functional electronic circuits. The circuits, which contain electrically-conductive metallic inks and insulating polymeric inks, can now be produced in a single inkjet printing process where a UV light rapidly solidifies the inks.

How 3 Women are Changing the Face of STEM (Nov 15, 2017)
Nov. 8 was national STEM day, something Zahra Hazari knows a lot about. She is trying to recruit at least 10,000 more women to pursue physics degrees in the United States by 2020. It’s an endeavor that would have seemed impossible 30 years ago, a time when no one seemed to care that women were not flocking to careers in science, technology, engineering or math — no one except an elite few like Yesim Darici.

House Subcommittee Tackles US Competitiveness in Quantum Computing (Nov 14, 2017)
How important is quantum computing? How are U.S. quantum research efforts stacking up against the rest of the world? What should a national quantum computing policy, if any, look like? Is the U.S. really falling behind in the crucial area? Late last month six leaders from government and industry tackled these questions at the Subcommittee on Research & Technology and Subcommittee on Energy Hearing – American Leadership in Quantum Technology.

Composable Infrastructure: Composing Greater HPC Breakthroughs (Nov 14, 2017)
Those outside of the high performance computing (HPC) industry have difficulty understanding why HPC is so important to everyone. HPC vendors generate an endless stream of announcements about technological advancements that many industry outsiders probably tune out. But these advancements in HPC technology make everyone’s lives better every day in ways people may not realize. High performance computing plays a role in scientific discoveries, military defense, medical research, artificial intel...
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Web-Based System Automatically Evaluates Proposals From Far-Flung Data Scientists (Nov 13, 2017)
In the analysis of big data sets, the first step is usually the identification of "features"—data points with particular predictive power or analytic utility. Choosing features usually requires some human intuition. For instance, a sales database might contain revenues and date ranges, but it might take a human to recognize that average revenues—revenues divided by the sizes of the ranges—is the really useful metric.

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