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May 2018 — May 2018

Computer Science Educators Wanted: How This New Program Is Addressing the Shortage (May 24, 2018)
In an environment of 21st century demand from tech-hungry students, educators are largely stuck with out-of-date or insufficient training to keep up with demand. Particularly in the area of computer science (CS), schools need more qualified teachers. Public-private partnerships are one way to address the nation-wide shortage of computer science-trained educators, and the latest comes in the form of STEMpath, a new graduate-level educator certification program that isn't quite a master's degree.

Using the K Computer, Scientists Predict Exotic 'di-Omega' Particle (May 24, 2018)
Based on complex simulations of quantum chromodynamics performed using the K computer, one of the most powerful computers in the world, the HAL QCD Collaboration, made up of scientists from the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-based Science and the RIKEN Interdisciplinary Theoretical and Mathematical Sciences (iTHEMS) program, together with colleagues from a number of universities, have predicted a new type of "dibaryon"--a particle that contains six quarks instead of the usual three.

Nuclear Physicists Leap into Quantum Computing with First Simulations of Atomic Nucleus (May 23, 2018)
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to successfully simulate an atomic nucleus using a quantum computer. The results, published in Physical Review Letters, demonstrate the ability of quantum systems to compute nuclear physics problems and serve as a benchmark for future calculations.

Gauging Language Proficiency Through Eye Movement (May 23, 2018)
A study by MIT researchers has uncovered a new way of telling how well people are learning English: tracking their eyes. That's right. Using data generated by cameras trained on readers' eyes, the research team has found that patterns of eye movement—particularly how long people's eyes rest on certain words—correlate strongly with performance on standardized tests of English as a second language.

Transforming Transportation with Machine Learning (May 19, 2018)
You hear the buzzwords everywhere—machine learning, artificial intelligence—revolutionary new approaches to transform the way we interact with products, services, and information, from prescribing drugs to advertising messages. Artificial intelligence, a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers, is already behind many of the technologies we see today, including virtual online assistants and driverless cars. In transportation, the application...
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Deeper Understanding of Quantum Chaos May Be the Key to Quantum Computers (May 18, 2018)
New research gives insight into a recent experiment that was able to manipulate an unprecedented number of atoms through a quantum simulator. This new theory could provide another step on the path to creating the elusive quantum computers. An international team of researchers, led by the University of Leeds and in cooperation with the Institute of Science and Technology Austria and the University of Geneva, has provided a theoretical explanation for the particular behaviour of individual atoms t...
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New Startup Zapata Computing Intends to Market Quantum Computing Software (May 18, 2018)
A new startup called Zapata Computing has launched with the intention of creating and selling software for quantum computers. Representatives of the new company announced to the press that they have already received $5.4 million in seed money from MIT's The Engine venture firm and several others.Most of the news surrounding quantum computer development has been focused on the hardware, but the team at Zapata claims it is time to start getting serious about the software.

Call for Papers: Workshop on Strategies for Enhancing HPC Education and Training (May 16, 2018)
The SEHET18 workshop is an ACM SIGHPC Education Chapter coordinated effort aimed at fostering collaborations among the practitioners from traditional and emerging fields to explore strategies to enhance computational, data-enabled and HPC educational needs. Attendees will discuss approaches for developing and deploying HPC training and education, as well as identifying new challenges and opportunities for keeping pace with the rapid pace of technological advances - from collaborative and online ...
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Advancing Genomics With High-Performance Computing (May 16, 2018)
The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard is playing a major role in accelerating genomic analysis and is collaborating with Intel to do so. With the massive growth of genomics data, the collaboration makes use of technology to enable genomics analytics at scale. The latest result is a suite of optimized software, along with reference architectures for turnkey configuration, setup, and deployment to run genomics analysis that includes Broad’s Genomic Analysis Toolkit (GATK).

Algorithm is 'Game-Changer' for Picking Up on Insurance Fraud (May 14, 2018)
A Queen's University Belfast student has developed software which can detect insurance fraud quickly. Jiawen Sun, a PhD student in the School of Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and the Institute of Electronics, Communications and Information Technologies (ECIT) at Queen's, has been working for the last three years to create a software system which can efficiently analyse graph-structured data.

Lasers Could Make Computers 1 Million Times Faster (May 14, 2018)
A billion operations per second isn't cool. Know what's cool? A million billion operations per second. That's the promise of a new computing technique that uses laser-light pulses to make a prototype of the fundamental unit of computing, called a bit, that could switch between its on and off, or "1" and "0" states, 1 quadrillion times per second. That's about 1 million times faster than the bits in modern computers.

Researchers Hide Information in Plain Text (May 13, 2018)
Computer scientists at Columbia Engineering have invented FontCode, a new way to embed hidden information in ordinary text by imperceptibly changing, or perturbing, the shapes of fonts in text. FontCode creates font perturbations, using them to encode a message that can later be decoded to recover the message. The method works with most fonts and, unlike other text and document methods that hide embedded information, works with most document types, even maintaining the hidden information when th...
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Universities Keeping Up with Seattle's Computer Science Demand (May 13, 2018)
Among the nation’s top tech hubs, Seattle has the fastest growth rate in job openings for computing professionals. That’s according to labor market experts at Indeed Hiring Lab. With so many new jobs to fill, Puget Sound area employers are struggling to find qualified workers. The latest info from the state’s Employment Security Department shows software developers, systems analysts and other tech-driven occupations rank among the most in-demand across the state.

Need for Computer Science Education as Cyber Attacks Increase (May 12, 2018)
"Computer science is infused in everything that everybody does. Period," said Keith Glendon, an IBM Security programming director. One of the largest examples of computer science is cyber security as millions of cyber attacks occur daily. Glendon said without computer science education, people can’t be protected. "It doesn’t matter what kind of data you have or what you are doing, somebody can take it and somebody can sell it," said M Latuszek, an IBM intern.

The Social Network Employers Love to Raid (May 12, 2018)
Piazza Technologies Inc. is a stealth company—largely unknown by the general public but familiar to almost anyone who’s studied computer science in the past few years. Some 2.5 million students use its free website to ask and answer one another’s questions about computers, engineering, math, and science, all under the supervision of their professors.

UK Universities Alarmed by Poaching of Top Computer Science Brains (May 11, 2018)
The hiring of professors in artificial intelligence by big technology companies is “killing the goose that lays the golden eggs”, according to Abhinay Muthoo. The dean of Warwick university’s King’s Cross campus in London, which coordinates its AI projects, fears the poaching of the best computer science brains in UK higher education by US groups such as Amazon, Google and Uber is threatening Britain’s ability to build on a world leading position in machine learning.

Transfer Students in Computer Science Prove Successful (May 11, 2018)
Computer science transfer students are as successful in their classes as those who originate in Washington State University’s program, according to a recent WSU retrospective longitudinal study. The question of how well transfer students do is of increasing interest to educators as more students begin their college education at community colleges, especially in high-demand fields such as computer science.

Symmetry is Essential for Power Network Synchronization (May 10, 2018)
A joint research team from Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and North Carolina State University has clarified the fundamental principles for achieving the synchronization of power generator groups[1] in power networks, which is essential for the stable supply of electric power. Based on this principle, the team developed a method for constructing an aggregated model of a power network that can efficiently analyze and control the behavior of generator groups (including rotor phase angle...
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How the Father of Computer Science Decoded Nature's Mysterious Patterns (May 10, 2018)
Many have heard of Alan Turing, the mathematician and logician who invented modern computing in 1935. They know Turing, the cryptologist who cracked the Nazi Enigma code, helped win World War II. And they remember Turing as a martyr for gay rights who, after being prosecuted and sentenced to chemical castration, committed suicide by eating an apple laced with cyanide in 1954.

Self-Navigating AI Learns to Take Shortcuts: Study (May 9, 2018)
A computer program modeled on the human brain learnt to navigate a virtual maze and take shortcuts, outperforming a flesh-and-blood expert, its developers said. While artificial intelligence (AI) programs have recently made great strides in imitating human brain processing—everything from recognizing objects to playing complicated board games—spatial navigation has remained a challenge.

Protecting Confidentiality in Genomic Studies (May 9, 2018)
Genome-wide association studies, which look for links between particular genetic variants and incidence of disease, are the basis of much modern biomedical research. But databases of genomic information pose privacy risks. From people's raw genomic data, it may be possible to infer their surnames and perhaps even the shapes of their faces.

Top Skills Data Scientists Need To Learn in 2018 (May 8, 2018)
Data scientists are in high demand, taking the number 1 spot in Glassdoor’s Best Jobs in America list in 2016 and 2017, with 4,84 position available and boasting a median base salary of $110,000. DevOps engineer came in second, with a median base salary of $110,000 and 2,725 job openings. Data engineer rounded out the top three, with 2,599 job openings and a median base salary of $106,000. Data science jobs are among the most challenging to fill, taking five days longer to find qualified candi...
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HPC Container Security: Fact, Myth, Rumor, and Kernels (May 8, 2018)
It is fair to say that containers in HPC are a big deal. Nothing more clearly shows the critical nature of any technology than watching the community reaction when a new security issue is discovered and released. In a recent announcement from the team over at Sylabs, they stated that multiple container systems on kernels that do not support PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS were now vulnerable.

Los Alamos Scientists Attack Load Balancing Challenge (May 7, 2018)
Simulating complex systems on supercomputers requires that scientists get hundreds of thousands, even millions of processor cores working together in parallel. Managing cooperation on this scale is no simple task. One challenge is assigning the workload given to each processor core. Unfortunately, complexity isn’t distributed evenly across space and time in real-world systems.

Supercomputing How Cancer Spreads through Superdiffusion (May 7, 2018)
Over at the University of Texas at Austin, Marc Airhart writes that researchers are using TACC supercomputers to better understand the physics behind the spread of cancer. Scientists have recently discovered a method in cancer’s madness. Before now, they’ve been perplexed by how cancer cells, growing alongside healthy cells, often spread much faster into surrounding tissue than randomness would dictate.

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