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June 2019 — June 2019

Preparing Scientific Applications for Exascale Computing (Jun 27, 2019)
Exascale computers are soon expected to debut, including Frontier at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) and Aurora at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), both DOE Office of Science User Facilities, in 2021. These next-generation computing systems are projected to surpass the speed of today's most powerful supercomputers by five to 10 times. This performance boost will enable scientists to tackle problems that are otherwise unsolvabl...
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University Subject Profile: Computer Science and Information Systems (Jun 26, 2019)
At its heart, computer science is about problem-solving. Students study the design of software and hardware used to provide solutions for a variety of business, scientific and social problems. Most computing courses focus on software engineering – things like database design, network systems, computer hardware and the internet. But there are other options, such as virtual reality, artificial intelligence, cybernetics, multimedia and games design, and apps design.



Harvey Mudd President Maria Klawe Has a Message for Computer Science Grads – and the Tech Industry (Jun 26, 2019)
In the 13 years since Maria Klawe took over as president of Harvey Mudd College, she has surprised skeptics and achieved a milestone that has confounded most institutions of higher education. Today, 50 percent of Harvey Mudd graduates with degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics are women, and students of color are on the rise at the elite technical college.



NSF 2026 Idea Machine (Jun 25, 2019)
A competition sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to help set the U.S. agenda for fundamental research in science and engineering. Help us select the most pressing research questions that need to be answered in the coming decade by commenting on the listed entries.



Will Analog AI Make Mythic a Unicorn? (Jun 25, 2019)
There are two trends converging in AI inference and so far, only a small number of companies are enmeshed. The first trend takes us back to the future with analog compute engines, which promise much lower power and potential cost, but with some impacts to complexity creation and avoidance. More on that shortly.



Past Efforts to Reshape American Science Education Offer Lessons for Future Reformers (Jun 24, 2019)
Compared with reading, writing, and arithmetic, science is a relative newcomer to the primary and secondary school curriculum, emerging only in the late 19th century. Nevertheless, proponents of the subject have established it as central to what an educated person needs to know, not least because of the promise of good jobs in scientific fields.



Teachers, Not Online Course, the Key to Computer Science Growth (Jun 24, 2019)
Having a teacher in the classroom rather than offering an online course is one of the keys to increasing student interest in computer science classes, Gov. Asa Hutchinson said during an event that celebrated Arkansas’ leadership in the area. The National Computer Science Summit for State Leaders brought education leaders from 30 states and Washington, D.C., to the Governor’s Mansion.



NSF 2026 Idea Machine (Jun 23, 2019)
A competition sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to help set the U.S. agenda for fundamental research in science and engineering. Help us select the most pressing research questions that need to be answered in the coming decade by commenting on the listed entries.



Machine Learning Based Traffic Sign Recognition ‘Most Influential’ Innovation of Past Decade (Jun 23, 2019)
A research paper which revolutionized how cars read traffic signs has been recognized as the ‘most influential over the decade’ at a ceremony in Tokyo. The ideas the paper put forward have now found their way into everything from autonomous cars to controversial upcoming changes in EU law. On-board traffic sign recognition systems, a common feature of modern cars, use cameras to detect, recognize and track road-side signs in real-time.



Researchers Redesigned Cardiod’s Heartbeat Simulation Code (Jun 22, 2019)
A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers has successfully optimized a code that models the human heartbeat for next-generation, graphics processing unit (GPU)-based supercomputers, with an eye on developing it for virtual drug screening and modeling heart activity in clinical settings.



High Performance Computing in the World of Artificial Intelligence (Jun 22, 2019)
For years, companies have been collecting data, but now, with the help of artificial intelligence (AI) and powerful analytics capabilities, they have the opportunity to get more out of it. However, with this opportunity, AI and analytics also have become big-data challenges that are changing how organizations and industries handle their data.



NSF 2026 Idea Machine (Jun 21, 2019)
A competition sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to help set the U.S. agenda for fundamental research in science and engineering. Help us select the most pressing research questions that need to be answered in the coming decade by commenting on the listed entries.



Computer Science Meets Genetics Research (Jun 21, 2019)
A tweaked gene or two among the millions or even billions of proteins that make up an organism's DNA are often all that distinguish the drought-tolerant plant, better-performing animal or a person predisposed to cancer from their biological peers, Montana State University noted in an announcement.



The Problem with Quantum Computers (Jun 20, 2019)
By now, most people have heard that quantum computing is a revolutionary technology that leverages the bizarre characteristics of quantum mechanics to solve certain problems faster than regular computers can. Those problems range from the worlds of mathematics to retail business, and physics to finance. If we get quantum technology right, the benefits should lift the entire economy and enhance U.S. competitiveness.



A 3-D Printer Powered by Machine Vision and Artificial Intelligence (Jun 20, 2019)
Objects made with 3-D printing can be lighter, stronger, and more complex than those produced through traditional manufacturing methods. But several technical challenges must be overcome before 3-D printing transforms the production of most devices.



NSF 2026 Idea Machine (Jun 19, 2019)
A competition sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to help set the U.S. agenda for fundamental research in science and engineering. Help us select the most pressing research questions that need to be answered in the coming decade by commenting on the listed entries.



About Faces: Geometric Style of Portrait Artwork (Jun 19, 2019)
A team of computer scientists at the Interdisciplinary Center in Israel have developed an innovative method to automatically analyze artistic portraiture, capturing a high level of detail and accuracy of the portraits as well as the artists' individual style.



Making Computers, Mobile Devices More Energy Efficient (Jun 18, 2019)
A computer's cache is a part of the memory where frequently used items are stored to speed up processing. If you visit the same websites on your phone frequently, for example, your phone might save information about those sites so your browser or app doesn't need to re-download it each time.



The Maths Problem that Could Bring the World to a Halt (Jun 18, 2019)
It’s not easy to accurately predict what humans want and when they will want it. We’re demanding creatures, expecting the world to deliver speedy solutions to our increasingly complex and diverse modern-day problems.



NSF 2026 Idea Machine (Jun 17, 2019)
A competition sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to help set the U.S. agenda for fundamental research in science and engineering. Help us select the most pressing research questions that need to be answered in the coming decade by commenting on the listed entries.



Researchers Develop Superconducting Quantum Refrigerator (Jun 17, 2019)
In a paper published in Physical Review Applied, Andrew Jordan, professor of physics at the University of Rochester, and his graduate student Sreenath Manikandan, along with their colleague Francesco Giazotto from the NEST Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore in Italy, have conceived an idea for such a refrigerator, which would cool atoms to nearly absolute zero temperatures (about minus 459 degrees Fahrenheit).



The Early-Stage Ph.D.’s Guide to Summer (Jun 16, 2019)
Ah, summer. It’s that time when we tend to feel a little more relaxed and at ease and, here in New England, have warmer weather and extended daylight hours. For early-stage doctoral students, reduced classroom time or teaching-assistant responsibilities may give you some opportunities to be with friends and family, travel, or take a staycation. Yet while it’s tempting to celebrate the end of the academic year and take a bit of a breather, summer can also be a good time to explore the world o...
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Researchers Show Glare of Energy Consumption in the Name of Deep Learning (Jun 16, 2019)
Wait, what? Creating an AI can be way worse for the planet than a car? Think carbon footprint. That is what a group at the University of Massachusetts Amherst did. They set out to assess the energy consumption that is needed to train four large neural networks.



NSF 2026 Idea Machine (Jun 15, 2019)
A competition sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to help set the U.S. agenda for fundamental research in science and engineering. Help us select the most pressing research questions that need to be answered in the coming decade by commenting on the listed entries.



How Is Augmented Reality Being Used in Education? (Jun 15, 2019)
We’ve done a good amount of work in education around K12 and also see a lot of usage among our community at a university level for vocational learning for design courses, games development, computer science, architecture etc. Firstly, the use of AR in computing for children at primary school. We’ve run workshops with kids as young as nine and ten familiarizing themselves with computers for the first time and learning about file formats, folder structures and simple multimedia skills.

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