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December 2016 — January 2017

Research Team Sets New Mark for 'Deep Learning' (Jan 23, 2017)
Neuroscience and artificial intelligence experts from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have taken inspiration from the human brain in creating a new "deep learning" method that enables computers to learn about the visual world largely on their own, much as human babies do.



Women Coders from Russia, Italy, and Poland Top Study (Jan 22, 2017)
According to a study posted on HackerRank the best women coders as judged by performance on HackerRank challenges come from Russia, Italy, and Poland. The U.S. placed 14th. Countries with largest proportions of women coders participating in the challenges are India, United Arab Emirates, and Romania. The U.S. was eleventh. Attracting women to STEM careers generally and HPC specifically is an ongoing challenge although progress is being made.



Wanted: A Few (Hundred) Good Computer Science Teachers (Jan 22, 2017)
Here’s something to wrap your brain around: Washington state, one of the nation’s foremost tech hubs, has historically only offered computer science as an elective in public schools — if it’s offered at all. Currently, only one in 10 schools in the state offers courses that teach kids advanced computer science skills.



Catching CRISPR in Action (Jan 21, 2017)
One of the most talked about biological breakthroughs in the past decade was the discovery of the genome editing tool CRISPR/Cas9, which can alter DNA and potentially remove the root causes of many hereditary diseases. Originally found as part of the immune system of the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria, CRISPR associated protein 9 (CAS9), in its native state, recognizes foreign DNA sequences and disables them. In bacteria, the system is used to target foreign viral DNA from bacteriophages – DN...
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Upping the Ante: Top Poker Pros Face Off vs. Artificial Intelligence (Jan 21, 2017)
Four of the world’s best professional poker players will compete against artificial intelligence developed by Carnegie Mellon University in an epic rematch to determine whether a computer can beat humans playing one of the world’s toughest poker games.



IBM Wants to Build Machine Learning ‘Macroscopes’ to Understand the World (Jan 20, 2017)
Like many tech companies, IBM is starting the new year by making a few predictions. One of them has to do with a software concept they call a “macroscope,” a software technology that can be used to analyze the complexities of the physical world. IBM predicts that within five years, such technology will “help us understand the Earth’s complexity in infinite detail.”



How the Met Office is solving the British weather with High Performance Computing (Jan 20, 2017)
If you’re looking for big data, just look up. Weather analysis requires petascale-class pipelines, with seven-day forecasts needing approximately 2000 time-steps for prediction, and each time-step requiring trillions of computer operations. Weather forecasting and climate simulations can encompass quadrillions of operations for a single forecast run – which needs to be done several times a day.



What Women Can Do to Win in Business (Jan 14, 2017)
Looking at 2017, it’s clear that technology will underpin future success for a variety of industries. So for girls aspiring to be women leaders, STEM education is critical. Here's why: Technology is the future. Just look at Starbucks. Howard Schultz shocked a lot of people when he announced last month that he was stepping down as CEO. Schultz has been the iconic leader of Starbucks, single-handedly disrupting coffee drinking all over the world by making it a lifestyle experience. As a nod to t...
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Chinese Humanoid Robot Turns on the Charm in Shanghai (Jan 14, 2017)
"Jia Jia" can hold a simple conversation and make specific facial expressions when asked, and her creator believes the eerily life-like robot heralds a future of cyborg labor in China. Billed as China's first human-like robot, Jia Jia was first trotted out last year by a team of engineers at the University of Science and Technology of China. Team leader Chen Xiaoping sounded like a proud father as he and his prototype appeared Monday at an economic conference organized by banking giant UBS in Sh...
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‘Hidden Figures’ Reminds us STEM is Where Black Women Belong (Jan 13, 2017)
Like most award-nominated films, Hidden Figures was a must-see during its opening weekend. Based on true events and Margot Lee Shetterly’s book of the same name, the two-hour feature is a dazzlingly heartfelt story that uncovers the historic contributions of mathematician Katherine Johnson (Taraji P. Henson) and her colleagues Dorothy Vaughn (Octavia Spencer) and Mary Jackson (Janelle Monáe). The three black women play an integral part at NASA in the American space race of the 1960s, with foc...
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2017 Sneak Peek: What the New Year Holds for Science (Jan 13, 2017)
Expect researchers to glimpse an event horizon, continue striving for quantum supremacy and brace themselves for a political hangover.



Emerging Tech Aims to Improve Life for Handicapped (Jan 12, 2017)
Emerging technology is giving new hope for the handicapped, and harnessing brainwaves for the physically disabled and helping the visually impaired with "artificial vision" are just the start. Many systems showcased at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas are aimed at improving quality of life for people with disabilities. BrainRobotics, a Massachusetts-based startup, showed its prosthesis that can be controlled by residual muscle strength of an amputee with better efficiency than similar ...
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Facebook Engineering VP Explains Why "Cognitive Diversity is the Most Powerful Tool" (Jan 12, 2017)
As the head of Facebook’s secretive new hardware unit, Building 8, Regina Dugan leads a team of engineers who are trying to develop breakthrough technologies, much as she did when she was the first female director of DARPA. She’s learned that assembling a diverse group of perspectives is essential to the creative process. "There’s very little difference between scientists and engineers and artists—they just use different tools," Dugan said at the Fast Company Innovation Festival.



How Engineering Students are Seeking to Solve Major Food and Water Security Problems (Jan 11, 2017)
Food and water are two necessities for survival, but what happens when a changing climate in key agricultural regions threatens crop production? Or when the quality of milk cannot be ensured as it is exchanged between producer and seller? Seven MIT graduate students studying food and water security issues presented their research and preliminary findings on issues such as these during the MIT Water and Food Security Student Symposium. Hosted by the MIT Department of Civil and Environmental Engin...
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Wall-jumping Robot is Most Vertically Agile Ever Built (Jan 11, 2017)
Roboticists at UC Berkeley have designed a small robot that can leap into the air and then spring off a wall, or perform multiple vertical jumps in a row, resulting in the highest robotic vertical jumping agility ever recorded. The agility of the robot opens new pathways of locomotion that were not previously attainable. The researchers hope that one day this robot and other vertically agile robots can be used to jump around rubble in search and rescue missions.



Will U.S. Sanctions Against Russia Fix Cybersecurity? (Jan 10, 2017)
The United States has finally announced a comprehensive package of responses to Russia’s 2016 influence operation against the U.S. elections. In a nutshell, it includes the creation of a new sanctions authority, the use of that authority to sanction nine Russian individuals and institutions, the expulsion of 35 Russian operatives from the U.S., the shutting down of two Russian compounds here in the U.S. and the publication of technical details intended to help organizations defend themselves a...
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The Gender Gap in Computer Science is Hurting U.S. Businesses (Jan 10, 2017)
The United States has a computing-skills crisis that is holding back American companies and economic growth. The solution lies with girls and young women. Employers simply cannot fill positions that are becoming increasingly critical to their businesses. Recent data show that there are 500,000 open computing jobs in the United States and fewer than 40,000 new computer science graduates to fill them — only 7,000 of whom are women.



What Did Big Data Find When it Analyzed 150 Years of British History? (Jan 9, 2017)
What could be learnt about the world if you could read the news from over 100 local newspapers for a period of 150 years? This is what a team of Artificial Intelligence (AI) researchers from the University of Bristol have done, together with a social scientist and a historian, who had access to 150 years of British regional newspapers. The patterns that emerged from the automated analysis of 35 million articles ranged from the detection of major events, to the subtle variations in gender bias ac...
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Most Computer Science Majors in the U.S. are Men. Not so at Harvey Mudd (Jan 9, 2017)
Veronica Rivera signed up for the introduction to computer science class at Harvey Mudd College mostly because she had no choice: It was mandatory. Programming was intimidating and not for her, she thought. She expected the class to be full of guys who loved video games and grew up obsessing over how they were made. There were plenty of those guys but, to her surprise, she found the class fascinating.



Scientists Build Bacteria-powered Battery on Single Sheet of Paper (Jan 7, 2017)
Researchers have created a bacteria-powered battery on a single sheet of paper that can power disposable electronics. The manufacturing technique reduces fabrication time and cost, and the design could revolutionize the use of bio-batteries as a power source in remote, dangerous and resource-limited areas.



Using Data Science to Beat Cancer (Jan 7, 2017)
The complexity of seeking a cure for cancer has vexed researchers for decades. While they’ve made remarkable progress, they are still waging a battle uphill as cancer remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Yet scientists may soon have a critical new ally at their sides — intelligent machines — that can attack that complexity in a different way.



Pioneering Nanotechnology Captures Energy from People (Dec 13, 2016)
The day of charging cellphones with finger swipes and powering Bluetooth headsets simply by walking is now much closer. Michigan State University engineering researchers have created a new way to harvest energy from human motion, using a film-like device that actually can be folded to create more power. With the low-cost device, known as a nanogenerator, the scientists successfully operated an LCD touch screen, a bank of 20 LED lights and a flexible keyboard, all with a simple touching or pressi...
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How the Brain Recognizes Faces (Dec 13, 2016)
MIT researchers and their colleagues have developed a new computational model of the human brain's face-recognition mechanism that seems to capture aspects of human neurology that previous models have missed. The researchers designed a machine-learning system that implemented their model, and they trained it to recognize particular faces by feeding it a battery of sample images. They found that the trained system included an intermediate processing step that represented a face's degree of rotati...
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New AI Algorithm Taught by Humans Learns Beyond its Training (Dec 7, 2016)
"Hey Siri, how's my hair?" Your smartphone may soon be able to give you an honest answer, thanks to a new machine learning algorithm designed by U of T Engineering researchers Parham Aarabi and Wenzhi Guo. The team designed an algorithm that learns directly from human instructions, rather than an existing set of examples, and outperformed conventional methods of training neural networks by 160 per cent. But more surprisingly, their algorithm also outperformed its own training by nine per cent—...
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17 Microsoft Researchers Offer Bold Computer Science Predictions for 2017 and 2027 (Dec 7, 2016)
Citing the lack of professional role models as one reason for a “dearth of women in computing,” Microsoft looked inward on Monday in an effort to inspire more young girls to pursue their STEM dreams. A post from the Redmond, Wash.-based software giant’s official blog relies on 17 women from within its global research organization to share their views on what’s likely to occur in their fields in 2017, as well as 10 years later.

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